PHP 5.4.32 Released

pg_copy_from

(PHP 4 >= 4.2.0, PHP 5)

pg_copy_from Insert records into a table from an array

Description

bool pg_copy_from ( resource $connection , string $table_name , array $rows [, string $delimiter [, string $null_as ]] )

pg_copy_from() inserts records into a table from rows. It issues a COPY FROM SQL command internally to insert records.

Parameters

connection

PostgreSQL database connection resource.

table_name

Name of the table into which to copy the rows.

rows

An array of data to be copied into table_name. Each value in rows becomes a row in table_name. Each value in rows should be a delimited string of the values to insert into each field. Values should be linefeed terminated.

delimiter

The token that separates values for each field in each element of rows. Default is TAB.

null_as

How SQL NULL values are represented in the rows. Default is \N ("\\N").

Return Values

Returns TRUE on success or FALSE on failure.

Examples

Example #1 pg_copy_from() example

<?php
   $db 
pg_connect("dbname=publisher") or die("Could not connect");
   
   
$rows pg_copy_to($db$table_name);
   
   
pg_query($db"DELETE FROM $table_name");
   
   
pg_copy_from($db$table_name$rows);
?>

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 7 notes

up
1
kapouer_php at melix dot org
6 years ago
pg syntax is :
COPY test (cola, colb, colc) FROM stdin;
...

this function doesn't let you in which order the columns are !
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0
Dave
5 months ago
Default is "\\\N" not "\\N" at least in php 5.4

pg_copy_from($db, $table_name, "\t", "\\\N")
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0
Dave
2 years ago
As of postgresql 9.1 "standard_conforming_strings" is set to on

This will not work anymore
<?php
$copy_message
= "1\t\\N\t300";
pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message);
?>
result will be a "N" in that field. if the field allow text that is else it will fail to insert the post.

simple fix
<?php
$copy_message
= "1\t\\NULL\t300";
pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message, "\t","\\NULL");
?>
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0
Anonymous
5 years ago
see also: pg_put_line for a solution that does not require buffering of all the data to be copied,
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0
vlad at php dot net
11 years ago
By default NULL values are a backslash followed with capital N ("\\N").

Also, you can't insert entries with OIDs (I've added it to my TODO list though)
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0
carl at thep.lu.se
11 years ago
Something needs to be said about the format of the array.
Judging by what I've seen, it's pretty much what you get
from loading a tab-separated file with file(). That is, the
lines are linefeed-terminated and there's no need to have
an extra line with "\.". On the other hand, when I try using this
command the connection to the server ends up in some odd
state and is then lost:
PHP Warning:  USo() query failed: server closed the connection unexpectedly

I think it might be safer to use the lower-level function
pg_put_line() for now.
up
-2
Dave
3 years ago
Fix for "Copy command failed: ERROR: literal carriage return
found in data" or
"Copy command failed: ERROR: missing data for column
"message" CONTEXT: COPY message, line 1:"

<?php
$message
= "HEJ\rHEJ\nHEJ\r\nHEJ\n\rHEJ\tHELLO\\";

$message = addslashes($message);

$message = str_replace(
  array(
"\n","\r","\t"),
  array(
"\\n","\\r","\\t"),
 
$message);

$copy_message = "1\t". $message ."\t300";

pg_copy_from($db, "message", $copy_message);
?>
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